Peptic Ulcer

Peptic Ulcer and its Homoeopathic Management


Peptic ulcers are painful open sores that form on the inner lining of the stomach or the upper portion of the small intestine (duodenum). They occur when stomach acid erodes the protective mucous layer of the digestive tract. The two main types of peptic ulcers are gastric ulcers, which develop inside the stomach, and duodenal ulcers, which occur in the duodenum. While the most common symptom of peptic ulcers is stomach pain, some individuals may not experience any noticeable symptoms. Understanding the causes, risk factors, and potential complications of peptic ulcers is essential for early diagnosis and effective management.


The most common symptom of peptic ulcers is a burning stomach pain, often worsened by stomach acid and an empty stomach. Additional symptoms may include:

  • Feeling of fullness, bloating, or excessive belching
  • Intolerance to fatty
  • foods
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea

In some cases, peptic ulcers may cause more severe signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Vomiting blood (appearing red or black)
  • Dark, tarry stools (indicating the presence of blood)
  • Trouble breathing
  • Feeling faint or lightheaded
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Changes in appetite


Peptic ulcers develop when there is an imbalance between stomach acid and the protective mucous layer that lines the digestive tract. The primary causes of peptic ulcers include:

  • Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori): H. pylori is a bacterium that commonly resides in the mucous layer of the stomach and small intestine. In some cases, it can lead to inflammation and ulcer formation.
  • Long-term use of NSAIDs: Regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen can irritate and inflame the stomach lining, increasing the risk of peptic ulcers.
  • Other medications: Certain medications, including steroids, anticoagulants, low-dose aspirin, SSRIs, and osteoporosis drugs like alendronate and risedronate, when taken alongside NSAIDs, can also elevate the risk of developing ulcers.

Risk Factors

Several factors may increase the risk of developing peptic ulcers, including:

  • Smoking: Smoking can exacerbate the effects of H. pylori infection, increasing the likelihood of peptic ulcers.
  • Alcohol consumption: Drinking alcohol can irritate the stomach lining and stimulate excess acid production, raising the risk of ulcers.
  • Untreated stress: Chronic stress may not directly cause ulcers but can worsen existing ones and hinder the healing process.
  • Spicy foods: Contrary to popular belief, spicy foods do not cause peptic ulcers, but they can aggravate existing ulcers.


If left untreated, peptic ulcers can lead to serious complications, including:

  • Internal bleeding: Slow blood loss may cause anemia, while severe bleeding can necessitate hospitalization or blood transfusions. Black or bloody vomit and black, tarry stools may be indicative of internal bleeding.
  • Perforation: Peptic ulcers can create a hole in the stomach or duodenal wall, leading to peritonitis, a severe infection of the abdominal cavity.
  • Obstruction: Ulcers may block the passage of food through the digestive tract, causing vomiting, early satiety, and weight loss due to inflammation or scarring.
  • Gastric cancer: Chronic H. pylori infection has been linked to an increased risk of gastric cancer.


Combining dietary management and homeopathic approaches can provide a holistic and effective solution for managing and preventing peptic ulcers. A fiber-rich diet, flavonoid-containing foods, and proper eating habits can support the digestive system and reduce ulcer symptoms. Meanwhile, homeopathic treatment targets the root cause of peptic ulcers, promoting natural healing and overall well-being.

Dietary Management

  • Fiber-Rich Diet: Consuming a diet rich in fiber, particularly fruits and vegetables, can reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers and aid in the recovery process if you already have one. Fiber helps to maintain a healthy digestive system and promotes regular bowel movements.
  • Flavonoid-Rich Foods: Foods containing flavonoids, such as apples, celery, cranberries, onions, garlic, and tea, have been shown to inhibit the growth of H. pylori, the bacterium associated with peptic ulcers. Including these foods in your diet can help combat H. pylori infection.
  • Avoid Trigger Foods: Certain foods can increase stomach acid production and exacerbate ulcer symptoms. It’s essential to cut down on sugar, salt, citrus, tomato products, chocolate, coffee (including decaffeinated coffee), and carbonated beverages. Opt for bland foods that are gentle on the stomach.
  • Smaller, Frequent Meals: Eating small, evenly spaced meals throughout the day can prevent periods of hunger or overeating, which may irritate the ulcer. Additionally, chewing food slowly and thoroughly aids digestion and reduces stress on the digestive system.
  • Proper Posture: Sit up while eating and continue to maintain an upright position for at least an hour afterward. This position helps prevent stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus and aggravating the ulcer.
  • Hydration: Drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps maintain a healthy digestive system and ensures adequate hydration, which is essential for overall health.
  • Avoid Stress, Smoking, and Alcohol: Stress can exacerbate peptic ulcer symptoms, while smoking and alcohol can increase stomach acid production and irritate the ulcer. Practicing stress-reduction techniques and avoiding smoking and alcohol are crucial for ulcer management.

Homeopathic Management

Homeopathic treatment is safe and gentle, without side-effects. Homoeopathy medicines are prescribed on the basis of physical, emotional, and genetic make up that individualizes a person. This constitutional approach surrounding mind and body works at the root-level. Homoeopathy is very effective in managing all the symptoms of Peptic ulcers and also plays an important role in preventing relapse of the condition and improving the general health of the person. Another outstanding thing about Homeopathy is that people on multiple medications can safely take Homeopathic medicines. Since it treats in totality, it leads to a permanent long-lasting cure, rather than a temporary suppression of symptoms.

Some of the commonly used medicines are,

    Duodenal ulcer; All gone sensation when stomach is empty, > by eating, during the process of digestion. Apt to choke while eating and drinking. Swallows food and drink hastily. Ineffectual desire for stool, rectum seems to be plugged up. Sensation of a band or hoop around a part. Sudden loss of memory. Hypochondriac.
    Ulceration of stomach with radiating pains. Gnawing, burning splinter like pains. Belching accompanies most gastric ailments. Nausea, retching, vomiting of glairy mucus. Flatulent dyspepsia, stomach distended as if it would burst with wind. Diarrhoea, green mucus like chopped spinach.< eating candy, sugar, sweets, icecreams. Diseases from unusual or long continued mental exertion.
    Burning pains in abdomen, burns like fire, as if hot coals were applied to the parts. > by heat, hot drinks. Vomiting of bile, blood, brown black mucus mixed with blood. Gastralgia < at mid day and mid night. Cannot bear the smell or sight of food. Excessive thirst for warm drinks at short intervals. Diarrhoea, stool scanty, dark, offensive < after eating and drinking. Bad effects of decayed food or animal matter. Gastric derangements after fruits, ice creams, beer, strong cheese, alcohol. Fear, anxiety, restlessness. Prostration.

    Gastralgia, pain from stomach through to spine. Vomiting of water as soon as it reaches the stomach, food retained longer, of enormous quantities at intervals of several days when food has filled the stomach. Purging, offensive stools. Pressure in stomach as from a load in one spot, alternating with burning, pain crampy, spasmodic. Anguish, always desire company.
    Acidity of the digestive tract, sour eructations, sour vomiting, sour stool, sour odour of the whole body. Ravenous hunger. Pit of stomach swollen like an inverted saucer, painful to pressure. Aversion to milk and meat, craving for eggs. Habitual constipation, stool has to be removed mechanically. Leucophlegmatic, fair, obese persons.
    At every attempt to eat colicky pain in stomach. Heart burn. Much flatulence. Craving for bacon, ham, salted or smoked meat. Flatulence temporarily > by sour eructations. Easy vomiting. Green, hot, spluttering diarrhea. Sunken, flabby abdomen. Feeble digestion. anaemic, thin, spare subjects. Ailments from grief, disappointed love. Feels complaints more when thinking about them.
    Weak digestion, simplest food disagrees, excessive accumulation of gas in stomach and intestines ( upper abdomen), sensation as if abdomen would burst. Eructations give temporary relief. Haematemesis and malena. Bad effects of fatty food, pork, butter, late supper, debauch, salted meat, spoiled fish or meat. Frequent involuntary cadaverous smelling stools. Carcinoma of stomach, late stages of disease. Complaints from loss of vital fluids, broken down constitution.
    Hyperacidity, vomiting of undigested food. Hungry with out appetite. Excessive flatulence of stomach and bowels ( lower abdomen ), fermentation, belching gives no relief. Colic at a certain hour, each day, periodical. < night, eating fruits, touch. > hard pressure, bending double. Diarrhoea painless at night, undigested food particles. Haematemesis and malena. Haemorrhage long continued. Ulcers with persistent suppuration. Longing for sour things. Broken down constitution, loss of vital fluids.
    Gastric ulcer, cancer of stomach. Vomiting of bloody slimy mucus. Black or coffee ground vomiting. Violent vomiting of food. Haematemesis and malena. Chronic alcoholism. Intolerance of clothing around stomach. Diarrhoea, stool black, offensive, like coffee grounds. Black, dark, fluid, non coagulable blood. Tongue fiery red, smooth and polished. Prostration, broken down constitution.
    Duodenal ulcer; Pain in abdomen temporarily relieved after eating, drinking hot milk. Aversion to meat, fish, salt, cooked food and sweets. Chronic constipation, stool hard knotty with lumps united by mucus threads. Women inclined to obesity, delayed menstruation, at climacteric.
    Gastroduodenal catarrh. Carcinoma of stomach. Cachetic or malignant dyscrasia. Ulcerations, profuse discharge of thick yellow stringy mucus. Atonic dyspepsia, cannot eat bread or vegetables. Chronic constipation. Enlarged liver, jaundice. Cancer pains. Broken down by excessive use of alcohol. Old debilitated persons.
    Duodenal ulcer; Ravenous hunger ,must eat every few hours, feels ameliorated while eating or after eating. Empty eructations, as if every particle of food was turned in to air. Constipation > by drinking cold milk. Emaciation, loosing flesh while eating well. Scrofulous diathesis.
    Gastric ulcer ; punched out or round ulcer of stomach. Pain immediately after eating. Pain in small spots, can be covered with the point of finger; appears and disappears suddenly, rapidly shifting. Neuralgia every day at the same hour. Weight in pit of stomach, flatulence, vomiting of stringy, ropy mucus and blood. Loss of appetite.
    Gastric ulcers; Carcinoma of stomach. Vomiting of food several hours after eating, vomiting of sweetish water with ptyalism. Haematemesis and malena. Flow passive, dark, oozing. Diarrhoea offensive, dark brown, bloody stools. Corrossive fetid ichorous discharges from mucus membranes.
    Canine hunger, the more he eats, the more he craves, wakes up at night feeling hungry. Excessive accumulation of flatulence, especially in lower abdomen. Good appetite, but a few mouth ful fills up to the throat. Everything tastes sour. Heartburn, sour vomiting. Constipation with ineffectual urging. Prefers warm food and drinks. Very sensitive, cannot endure opposition. Avaricious, irritable, cross.
    Excessive acidity, sour eructations, sour vomiting, spits mouth fuls of food. Gastritis. Flatulence. Yellow creamy coating at the back part of tongue and roof of mouth.
    Gastric ulcer; Pain in stomach while or immediately after eating. Eating a little too much causes headache. Abdomen enormously distended after every meal. Flatulent dyspepsia. Diarrhoea, stool white, fetid. Great dryness of mouth without thirst. Women, hysterical temperament, drowsiness, sleepiness, inclination to faint.
    Gastric ulcer; Pain or pressure in stomach an hour or two after eating as from a stone. Nausea constant, after eating, ineffectual desire to vomit, feels if I could only vomit, I would be much better. Alternate constipation and diarrhea. Frequent ineffectual desire for stool. Sour bitter eructations. Bad effects of coffee, tobacco, alcohol, highly spiced food, over eating, long continued mental exertion, sedentary habits, anxiety, worry. Literary, studious, responsible persons.
    Duodenal ulcer; Ravenous hunger, must rise at night to eat. Pain abdomen > by constant eating <empty stomach, eating cabbage. Heartburn, nausea. Diarrhoea only in day time. Symptoms appear and disappear suddenly.
    Burning pains in stomach > by cold drinks, ice creams, juicy refreshing things. A weak empty all gone sensation in entire abdomen.Vomiting, water is thrown up as soon as it gets warm in stomach. Vomiting of blood. Carcinoma of stomach. Bleeding ulcers, frequent, profuse. Discharge of blood from rectum during stool. Diarrhoea, stool involuntary, watery, sago like particles, coffee ground.
    Pain in stomach an hour after eating. Pain with chilliness, rapidly shifting, appear suddenly, goes gradually. Vomiting of food eaten long before. Eructations, taste of food remains a long time. All gone sensation in tea drinkers. Complaints from eating rich food, cake, pork, sausage. Thirstlessness with dry mouth and tongue. Diarrhoea only at night, greenish yellow, very changeable.
    Hyperchlorhydria. Nausea, sour eructations. Profuse vomiting of an intensely sour fluid. Great distension of stomach and bowels. Flatulent colic. Sour stools. Nightly burning pains in stomach. Acidity accompanied by frontal headache.
    Burning pains in stomach < at night, warm food and drinks. Weak empty all gone sensation at about 11 am > by eating, cannot wait for lunch. Acidity, sour eructations. Desire for sweets. Diarrhoea, driving out of bed early in the morning. Constipation, stools hard, dry as if burnt, painful. Redness of external orifices. Chronic alcoholism. Nervous temperament, scrofulous diathesis.
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